Chikusetsusaponin Iva

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Chikusetsusaponin Iva

CAS No. : 51415-02-2

Biological Activity:Chikusetsusaponin IVa a major active ingredient of triterpenoid saponins, exerts antithrombotic effects, including minor hemorrhagic events. This appears to be important for the development of new therapeutic agents. a novel AMPK activator that is capable of bypassing defective insulin signalling and could be useful for the treatment of T2DM or other metabolic disorders.
IC50 Value: 199.4 ± 9.1 μM (inhibiting thrombin-induced fibrinogen clotting)
In vitro: Using biochemical and pharmacological methods, it proves that chikusetsusaponin IVa prolongs the recalcification time, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time of normal human plasma in a dose-dependent manner; inhibits the amidolytic activity of thrombin and factor Xa upon synthetic substrates S2238 and S2222; inhibits thrombin-induced fibrinogen clotting (50% inhibition concentration, 199.4 ± 9.1 μM); inhibits thrombin- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation. Chikusetsusaponin IVa can also preferentially inhibits thrombin in a competitive manner (K(i)=219.6 μM) [1]. Chikusetsusaponin IVa suppresses the production of iNOS, COX-2, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated THP-1 cells likely by inhibiting NF-κB activation and ERK, JNK, and p38 signal pathway phosphorylation [2].
In vivo: Studies were performed on type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) rats given CHS for 28 days to test the antihyperglycemic activity. Oral administration of CHS dose-dependently increased the level of serum insulin and decreased the rise in blood glucose level [3].

Research Area:Others


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